Home » Senior Seminar Project » Lesson Plan 3

Lesson Plan 3

Lesson plan 3: Week 8 day 1

Lesson Title: Loving v. Virginia

Lesson Type: Analysis of Loving v. Virginia

Essential Question: What is the notion of equal protection? Does it apply to everyone at all times?

Florida Sun Shine State Standards:

–          SS.912.C.1 Demonstrate an understanding of the origins and purposes of government, law, and the American political system.

  • SS.912.C.1.5: Evaluate how the Constitution and its amendments reflect the political principles of rule of law, checks and balances, separation of powers, republicanism, democracy, and federalism.

–          SS.912.C.2: Evaluate the roles, rights, and responsibilities of United States citizens and determine methods of active participation in society, government, and the political system.

  • SS.912.C.2.6: Evaluate, take, and defend positions about rights protected by the Constitution and Bill of Rights.
  • SS.912.C.2.9: Identify the expansion of civil rights and liberties by examining the principles contained in primary documents.

–          SS.912.C.3 Demonstrate an understanding of the principles, functions, and organization of government.

  • SS.912.C.3.6: Analyze the structures, functions, and processes of the judicial branch as described in Article III of the Constitution.
  • SS.912.C.3.7: Describe the role of judicial review in American constitutional government.
  • SS.912.C.3.7: Describe the role of judicial review in American constitutional government.
  • SS.912.C.3.11: Contrast how the Constitution safeguards and limits individual rights.

–          SS.912.A.7 Understand the rise and continuing international influence of the United States as a world leader and the impact of contemporary social and political movements on American life.

  • SS.912.A.7.8: Analyze significant Supreme Court decisions relating to integration, busing, affirmative action, the rights of the accused, and reproductive rights.

–          SS.912.A.2 Understand the causes, course, and consequences of the Civil War and Reconstruction and its effects on the American people.

  • SS.912.A.2.4: Distinguish the freedoms guaranteed to African Americans and other groups with the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution.


Teacher Purpose & Case Summary: As teachers it is important to teach our students about equal protection. The Loving v. Virginia case does just that by allowing interracial marriage. This indicates that every person regardless of race has the inherited right to marry whomever they choose. “the freedom to marry, or not marry, a person of another race resides with the individual, and cannot be infringed by the State.”[1] This case also continues to support the overlying issue on race and how over the decades race has evolved from segregation, desegregation, to the shared equal protection. Under the 14th amendment there is clause that grants all individuals equal protection, that all individuals will be treated the same under the same conditions and circumstances. There is equal protection against age discrimination, gender, and race. However, not all individuals at all times are granted this right. Let’s consider Arizona’s new immigration laws, do they violate the equal protection clause? Are they discriminating against immigrants? What the current issue on gay marriage. Why is it that some states define this as unconstitutional? Are they violating the equal protection clause?


  1. Define Loving v. Virginia.
  2. By using primary and secondary source documents analyze Loving v. Virginia
  3. Explain what equal protection clause is.


  1. Computer
  2. Overhead projector
  3. sound clip http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1966/1966_395
  4. Secondary source document handout with case information http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1966/1966_395
  5. Primary source document, final judgment http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/loving.html
  6. board or white board
  7. dry erase markers or chalk
  8. students will need
    1. paper
    2. pen

Lesson Procedures

Lesson Opener or Hook:

In order to introduce the students to Loving v. Virginia the students will listen to the oral arguments given in the case.

Main Activity One:

–          After the students listen to the sound clip they will begin to read the secondary source document about the case. The secondary source document serves as a summary of what the case is, its importance, what is defined as equal protection, and if equal protection applies to everyone.

  • Attached is the link to the handout. http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1966/1966_395
  • After they read the secondary source document they will need to read the primary source document which is the final judgment on the case.
  • After reading and analyzing the secondary source document and primary source document the students will need to answer the following questions.
    • What was Loving v. Virginia
    • What is the equal protection clause?
    • What is the notion of equal protection? Does it apply to everyone at all times?


To conclude the lesson the students should answer the following question in a short essay format: What is the notion of equal protection? Does it apply to everyone at all times? Provide evidence to support your argument. This assignment should be a research assignment and given about a week to complete.





[1] Clause, Virginia, it was their race, and it was their race which made it an offense.. “Loving v. Virginia | The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law.” The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law | A Multimedia Archive of the Supreme Court of the United States. http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1966/1966_395 (accessed December 5, 2012).


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: